Carambola or Starfruit

carambola or starfruit
Star fruit is also popularly known as Carambola .Star fruit is a tropical fruit that can be eaten for its delicious taste, for its sour flavor and its medicinal properties. It also looks attractive as compared to other fruits.When this fruit cut horizontally in the middle, a slice of fruit looks like a  perfect star,  thus it is called as star fruit. Generally, it’s a little shiny, waxy ,  greenish yellow hue and has got five angle ridges  (sometimes it may vary ) and oval in shape. Entire star fruit can be edible. This Carambola tree can grow up to 20 to 30 feet tall  and, this fruit weighs about 70 to 130 gm , it can grow at any condition like hot, humid and any tropical conditions .This fruit can be of  6.35-15 cm long and up to 9cm wide. When this fruit fully ripens it sweet in taste and crisp. The sweet fruit usually grows from summer to  autumn and  sour fruit  usually grow  during summer to  middle of  winter.

Origin:  

Indonesia, Srilanka, Malaysia, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka , Moluccas, Philippines , Queensland, Australia, Netherlands, Guam, and Hawaii.

Name- Carambola

Scientific name-Averrhoa carambola.

Family - Oxalidaceae

Star Fruit Names

Star Fruit is known by different names in different countries.

•    Belimbig (in Indonesia)
•    Stervrucht (in Netherlands)
•    Fuang (in Laos)
•    Carambola (in France)
•    Karambole (in Germany)
•    Ma Feung (in Thailand)
•    Carambola (in Italy)
•    Saranate (in Philippines)
•    khe, khe ta (in Vietnam).
•    Tamarindo chino or tamarindo dulce  (In Venezuela)
•    Tiriguro   (in Brazil)
•    Blimbing legi or fransman-birambi     (in  Costa Rica)
•    carambolera or caramboler or ├írbol de pepino ( in Mexico)
•    Five corner ( in Australia)
•    Kamrakh in India.

Nutritional value: Per 100 gm of this fruit contain-

Protein-0.38gm
Carbohydrates-9.38gm
Fat-0.08gm
Calories-35.7gm
Fiber-0.80 to 0.90 gm
Ascorbic acid-26 to 53.1 mg
Calcium-4.4 to 6 mg
Moisture-89-91gm
Iron-0.32-1.65mg
Riboflavin-0.019-0.03mg
Phosphorus-15.5-21mg
Thiamine-0.03-0.038mg
Ash-0.26-0.40gm
Niacin-0.294-0.38mg
Carotene-0.003-0.552mg

Health benefits of Starfruit:

1.Antioxidant property:

 Vitamin C is a potent natural water-soluble antioxidant present   in  Starfruit helps the body to develop resistance against various infectious agents and fight against cancer-causing free radicals in the body. 100 g of fresh  Star-fruit provides 34.7 mg or 57% of daily-required levels of vitamin C, which is very  essential for our body. Star fruit also contains antioxidant like phytonutrient  polyphenolic flavonoids, lutein zeaxanthin and vitamin E which can keep us infection free.

2. Help in weight loss:


In today’s  world we all like to stay fit and healthy also wants to lose some extra weight accumulate around our belly. Consuming Starfruit can give an excellent result in weight loss . Since  fat  contains is very low in Starfruit ,which makes ideal for weight loss and also water and fiber present in  Starfruit makes our stomach fuller for a longer period of time and keeps us away from hunger.Due to its low-calorie content and high fiber and mineral present , it’s a favorite food for body builders.

3. Healthy Digestive  System:


 Starfruit rich in fibers. Fiber can stimulate peristaltic motion and increased secretion of gastric juices, which helps in digestion and prevents constipation, and colorectal cancer. Soluble fiber present in  Starfruit promotes the growth of good bacteria which prevent any kind of infection and aids in digestion.

4. Regulate the Blood Pressure:

Star fruit is a very good fruit to regulate our blood pressure .Regular intake of star fruit can lower the blood pressure significantly. An adequate amount of  Sodium and  Potassium present in  Starfruit plays an important role to regulate our blood pressure. As we know high sodium is very dangerous for our body and can increase the blood pressure. The levels of sodium are kept in check by Magnesium. Also fiber present in  Star- fruit very good for our over all cardio vascular system.

5. Help in Diabetes:

 Its  a very good fruit for  Diabetic and Pre-Diabetic patients.Polyphenols, flavonoids, saponins and phytosterols are present in Starfruit considered as vary good substance reducing the level of blood sugar. So add Starfruit in to your regular diet .

6. Good for skin:  

Carambola or Starfruit is a  very good fruit for our skin health. It helps to purify the blood thus providing the glow in the skin.It shows significant results in acne, which is a  major skin problem among teenagers. This fruit is also shows good result in fighting free radicals wrinkles, delay aging symptoms. Vitamin C present in Starfruit can also create and maintain collagen, an essential protein found in hair and skin.

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